Steven H. Schwartz, OD, PhD
Professor of Biological and Vision Sciences/Director of Institutional Research and Planning
SUNY College of Optometry
33 West 42nd Street New York, NY 10036


Research Interests

 

Assessment in Higher Education: A number of factors, including heightened oversight by the federal government, are driving the increased use of assessment and data-driven decision-making and implementation processes. I am interested in the development and evaluation of metrics that may be used for program improvement and the visual display of such information.

Cognitive Therapy to Improve Patient Adherence with Drug Regimens: Compliance failure in the medical treatment of glaucoma is well documented. While patient education and strict monitoring of compliance are important tools, they may not reach their full potential absent a more comprehensive consideration of the patient’s cognitive state. The interplay between the patient’s beliefs (rational and irrational) and his emotional state and behavior are key elements missing from current approaches. I am interested in developing cognitive psychotherapy interventions that improve patient medication compliance.

Education

 

New York University, MA (Counseling in Colleges and Community Agencies), 2005

The University of Alabama in Birmingham, PhD (Physiological Optics), 1982

University of California, Berkeley, OD, 1979

University of California, Berkeley, BS, 1977

SUNY Albany, Pre-professional, 1973-1975

Postgraduate

2005-2007: Clinical Fellowship in Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Albert Ellis Institute, New York, NY

1999 (June): Participant, Institute for Management and Leadership in Education (MLE), Harvard Institutes for Higher Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education

1980-1982: Postdoctoral Fellowship (National Eye Institute Training Grant to the University of Alabama at Birmingham)

Appointments

 

Current Appointments:

  • 2011- Present:  Professor, Department of Biological and Vision Sciences

  • 2010-Present: Director of Institutional Research and Planning

Previous Appointments:

  • 1997-2011: Associate Professor, Department of Vision Sciences

  • 1997-2007: Vice President and Dean for Academic Affairs

Publications

 

Textbooks

Schwartz, S. H. (In press). Geometrical and Visual Optics: A Clinical Introduction, Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schwartz, S. H. (2010). Visual Perception: A Clinical Orientation, Fourth Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schwartz, S. H. (2004).  Visual Perception: A Clinical Orientation, Third Edition.  New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schwartz, S. H. (2002). Geometrical and Visual Optics: A Clinical Introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schwartz, S. H. (1999). Visual Perception: A Clinical Orientation, Second Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schwartz, S. H. (1994). Visual Perception: A Clinical Orientation. East Norwalk, Connecticut: Appleton and Lange.

Papers

Patel, S., Schwartz, S.H. and Swanson, W. (2010). Differential vertical visual latency as determined with a simultaneity paradigm. Vision Research, 50, 534-540.

Schwartz, S. H. and Rafaeli, A. (2008). Social learning theory and the career trajectory of optometry students. Optometric Education,33(2), 56-58.

Schwartz, S. H. (2007). The optometrist’s role in the management of clinical depressive disorders. Optometry – Journal of the American Optometric Association, 78, 469-473.

Schwartz, S. H., Nehmad, L., Rosenfield, M., Swanson, W. H., Calero-Breckheimer, A., Modica, P., and Picarelli, J. (2006). Teaching basic science courses using Web-based clinical cases: Experiences with BACIC. Optometric Education 32(1), 23-28.

Schwartz, S. H., and Swanson, W. S. (2005). Empirical determination of corrected vision standards for train crews. Optometry and Vision Science, 82, 774-778.

Schwartz, S. H. (2000). Pulse-duration threshold functions obtained at the MWS/LWS cone antagonistic locus. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 20, 387-390.

Heath, D. A., Daum, K. M., DiStefano, A. F., Haine, C. L., and Schwartz, S. H. (2000). Attributes of students graduating from schools and colleges of optometry: An Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry report, Optometric Education 26(1), 15-18.

Schwartz, S. H. (1997). Selective masking of the achromatic system can be cortically mediated. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 14, 703-707.

Schwartz, S. H. (1997). Priority conditions as a basis for basic science course content. Optometric Education, 22(4), 125-127.

Schwartz, S. H. and Godwin, L. D. (1996). Masking of the achromatic system: Implications for saccadic suppression. Vision Research, 36, 1551-1559.

Schwartz, S. H. (1996). Spectral sensitivity as revealed by isolated step onsets and step offsets. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 16, 58-63.

Schwartz, S. H. (1995). Dependence of visual latency on wavelength: Predictions of a neural counting model. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 12, 2089-2093.

Schwartz, S. H. (1994). Spectral sensitivity of dichromats: Role of postreceptoral processes. Vision Research, 34, 2983-2990.

Schwartz, S. H. (1993). Colour and flicker thresholds for high frequency increments. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 13, 299-302.

Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Reaction time distributions and their relationship to the transient/sustained nature of the neural discharge. Vision Research, 32, 2087-2092.

Schwartz, S. H. (1985). On reaction time histograms. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 5, 225-226.

Schwartz, S. H. and Loop, M. S. (1984). Effect of duration on detection by the chromatic and achromatic systems. Perception and Psychophysics, 36, 65-67.

Schwartz, S. H. and Loop, M. S. (1983). Differences in temporal appearance associated with activity in the chromatic and achromatic systems. Perception and Psychophysics, 33, 388-390.

Schwartz, S. H. and Loop, M. S. (1982). Evidence for transient luminance and quasi-sustained color mechanisms. Vision Research, 22, 445-447.

Published Abstracts

DellaBella, M. E., Schwartz, S.H. and Nehmad, L. (2010). The PHQ-2 as a screening tool for clinical depression in a primary eye-care clinic. ARVO E-Abstract (51) 5360.

Ha, D.J., Schwartz, S.H., Nehmad, L. and DiGiuseppe, R. (2010). Cognitive distortions  associated with poor adherence to glaucoma medical therapy. ARVO E-Abstract (51) 2771

Randhawa, S.K. and Schwartz, S.H. (2009). Simultaneous intraocular brightness discrimination is vertically symmetric. ARVO E-Abstract (50) 2003.

Patel, S., Leung, H. Schwartz, S.H. and Swanson, W. (2008). Measuring differential latency with a simultaneity paradigm. ARVO E-Abstract (49) 2539.

Myung, E., Ng, L., Hoppe, E. and Schwartz, S.H. (2004). Basic science and clinical integration in the optometric professional curriculum: year two. Optometry and Vision Science, 81 (12s).

Sell, C.A.. and Schwartz, S.H. (2003). An alternative light source for the Ishihara plate. Optometry and Vision Science, 80 (12s).

Schwartz, S.H., Nehmad, L., Rosenfield, M., and Swanson, W. (2003). Teaching basic science courses using Web based clinical cases. Optometry and Vision Science, 80 (12s).

Myung, E., Ng, L.T., Hoppe, E., and Schwartz, S.H. (2003). Designing Web-based educational programs: asynchronous case-based learning. Optometry and Vision Science, 80 (12s).

Schwartz, S. H., Hoppe, E. Nehmad, L., Rosenfield, M. and Swanson, W. (2002). Integration of basic and clinical concepts. Optometry and Vision Science, 79 (12s).

Schwartz, S. H., Berman, M., Heath, D., Nehmad, L., Rosenfield, M., and Swanson, W. (2001). Phase I of the FIPSE project: Integration of basic and clinical concepts in the professional curriculum. Optometry and Vision Science, 78 (12s).

Schwartz, S. H. (1997). Pulse-duration functions point to an achromatic mechanism at the MWS/LWS cone antagonistic locus. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Supplement), 38, S890.

Schwartz, S. H., Gates, E., and Geddes, J. (1996). The SPP1 color test has low specificity. Optometry and Vision Science, 73 (12S), 205.

Schwartz, S. H., Kalich, M., Brooks, K., and Smith, K. (1996). Selective masking of the achromatic system can be mediated cortically. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Supplement), 37, S291.

Schwartz, S. H. and Godwin, L.D. (1995). Forward masking of the achromatic system: Implications for saccadic suppression. Optometry and Vision Science, 72, (12S), 185.

Schwartz, S. H., Blalock, J., Mallory, L., and Rowley, D. (1995). Backward masking effects on achromatic and chromatic sensitivity. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Supplement), 36, S907.

Schwartz, S. H., Deck, B., and Stone, J. (1994). Opponent-color spectral sensitivity as revealed by isolated step onsets and step offsets. Optometry and Vision Science, 71(12s), 63.

Schwartz, S. H. (1994). The dependence of visual latency on wavelength is not explained by rod intrusion. Optometry and Vision Science, 71(12s), 146.

Schwartz, S. H., Deck, B., and Stone, J. (1994). Simple reaction time as a function of wavelength: Predictions of a neural counting model. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Supplement), 35, 2167.

Schwartz, S. H., Deck, B., and Stone, J. (1993). Sensitivity of chromatic and achromatic systems in dichromacy. Optometry and Vision Science, 70(12s), 30.

Schwartz, S. H., Deck, B. and Stone J. (1992). Lack of a border reduces blue cone contribution to spectral sensitivity. Optometry and Vision Science, 69(12s), 165.

Schwartz, S. H. and Deck, B. (1992). Visual latency for chromatic and achromatic systems: Analysis with a criterion-free methodology. Optometry and Vision Science, 69(12s), 85.

Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Flicker and color thresholds for high frequency temporal alterations. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Supplement), 33, 704.

Schwartz, S. H. (1991). Analysis of reaction time distributions to long duration intensity increments. Optometry and Vision Science, 68(12s), 177.

Schwartz, S. H. and Loop, M. S. (1983). Effect of duration on detection by the chromatic and achromatic systems. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 60, 79P.

Schwartz, S. H. and Loop, M. S. (1982). Chromatic and temporal appearance of long duration flashes. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 59, 10P.

Schwartz, S. H. and Loop, M. S. (1981). Evidence for transient luminance and sustained color mechanisms. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science(Supplement), 20, 54.

Miscellaneous Publications

Hofstetter, H. W., Griffin, J. R., Berman, M. S., and Everson, R. W. (2000).  Dictionary of Visual Science and Related Clinical Terms, Fifth Edition, Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann. Contributor.

Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Retinal differences in light sensitivity. Journal of the American Optometric Association, 63, 167.

Schwartz, S. H. (1983). Review of Optics in Vision (Second Edition) by Henri Obtsfeld. Journal of the American Optometric Association, 54, 1098.

Referee Services

 
  • Nature Photonics

  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A

  • Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics

  • Optometry and Vision Science

  • Vision Research

  • Appleton and Lange Publishers

Current Teaching Responsibilities

 
  • Visual Function: Sensory Module A (Primary Instructor)

  • Integrated Optics III (Instructor of Record)

  • Ocular Disease III (Guest Lecturer on Psychiatric Conditions)

  • Contact Lens (Laboratory Instructor)

Professional Affiliations

 
  • Fellow, American Academy of Optometry

  • Member, American Optometric Association

  • Member, New York State Optometric Association