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Your baby’s eyes are important to us. A comprehensive eye exam is an important part of a baby's care during the first year of life.

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Infant Vision Care

We know that your baby has a whole lifetime to see and learn. But did you know your baby also has to learn to see? As a parent, there are many things that you can do to help your baby’s vision develop. First, proper prenatal care and nutrition can help your baby’s eyes develop even before birth. At birth, your baby’s eyes should be examined for signs of congenital eye problems. These are rare, but early diagnosis and treatment are important to your child’s development.

We can examine a child long before he or she is able to say his/her first word. We have equipment and techniques that enable us to examine an infant during their first year of life. We recommend that all children are seen within their first year of life to rule out any possible eye problems. Your child should be seen earlier if there are specific problems noticed.

Below are some expected visual performances that you should be aware of based upon normal vision development:

At birth to 6 weeks of age, you child should be able to:
  • Stare at his/her surroundings while awake
  • Momentarily holds gaze on bright light(s) or bright object(s)
  • Blink at a camera flash
  • Move his/her eyes and head together occasionally

From 8 weeks to 24 weeks, your child should:
  • Begin to move his/her eyes more widely with less head movement
  • Begin to follow moving objects or people (8-12 weeks) with his/her eyes
  • Watch your face when being talked to (10-12 weeks)
  • Begin to watch his/her own hands (12-16 weeks)
  • Be able to look at his/her hands, food, bottle while sitting (18-24 weeks)
  • Start looking for and viewing more distant objects (20-28 weeks)

From 30 weeks to 48 weeks, you may see that your child:
  • Turns his/her eyes inward while inspecting hands or toys (28-32 weeks)
  • Watches activities around him for longer periods of time (30-36 weeks)
  • Looks for toys he/she drops (32-38 weeks)
  • Visually inspects toys he/she can hold (38-40 weeks)
  • Sweeps his/her eyes around room to see what’s happening (44-48 weeks)
  • Visually responds to smiles and voice of others (40-48 weeks)
  • Visually sees objects and persons more consistently (46-52 weeks)

From 12 months to 18 months, you may notice that your child is:
  • Now using both hands and visually steering hand activity (12-14 months)
  • Visually interested in simple pictures (14-16 months)
  • Often holding objects very close to eyes to inspect them(14-18 months)
  • Pointing to objects or people using words “look” or “see” (14-18 months)
  • Looking for and identifying pictures in books (16-18 months)

From 24 months to 36 months, you may notice that your child:
  • Occasionally visually inspects an object without needing to touch it(20-24 months)
  • Smiles when he/she views favorite objects and people (20-24 months)
  • Likes to watch movement of wheels, egg beater, etc. (24-28 months)
  • Watches his/her own hand while scribbling (26-30 months)
  • Visually explores and steers his/her own walking and climbing (30-36 months)
  • Watches and imitates other children (30-36 months)
  • “Reads” pictures in books (34-38 months)

From 40 months to 48 months, you may notice that your child:
  • Brings his/her head and eyes close to page of book while inspecting the book (40-44 months)
  • Draws and names circles and crosses on a piece of paper (40-44 months)
  • Can close his/her eyes on request, and may be able to wink one eye (46-50 months)