I was raised in Berkeley, California, in the vicinity of the Marin Circle. After graduating from Berkeley High School, I attended Deep Spring College for three years, also taking courses at the University of California, Berkeley, and then transferred to Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York, as a junior. I lived at Telluride House, studied with Frank Rosenblatt, Ulric Neisser, Eleanor Gibson, and Robert MacLeod, among others, and graduated with a BA degree in psychology. I remained at Cornell for graduate school, studying visual perception with James J. Gibson and completing a Ph.D. in experimental psychology.
Moving to New York City, I did post-doctoral research for three years with Leon Festinger in the Program in Visual Perception at the New School for Social Research. I then joined the faculty of the State University of New York, State College of Optometry, where I am now an Associate Professor of Biological and Vision Sciences. I teach visual perception. My research focuses on visual space perception. I live in Greenwich Village.
In the course of my work on the use of expert systems to examine the interactions of constraints underlying the visual perception of spatial layout, I completed an MS degree in computer science at the Courant Institute of New York University, studying principally with Malcolm Harrison and Jacob Schwartz.