David Troilo , PhD

Dean

David Troilo

David Troilo , PhD

Dean

Professor

Primary Appointment


Biological and Vision Sciences

Bio

Dr. David Troilo joined the SUNY College of Optometry in July, 2008 as Professor, Dean and Vice President for Academic Affairs. Prior to that he was Professor of Biological Science and Director of Graduate Studies at The New England College of Optometry.

As the chief academic officer at SUNY Optometry, Dr. Troilo is responsible for the professional degree program in optometry, and the graduate degree programs (PhD and MS) in vision science. His other areas of responsibility include faculty development, residency programs, library services, and continuing professional education.

Dr. Troilo has made growth of research at the college an institutional priority and has helped develop collaborative, translational, and clinical research initiatives. Working with the University Eye Center, the college’s clinical institution, Dr. Troilo helped create the college’s Clinical Vision Research Center.

Education

  • PhD, Biology City University of New York, 1989

Residency/Other Post Graduate Training

  • Research Fellow Cornell University, 1995

  • Research Associate Oxford University, 1993

Awards & Honors

  • Fellow of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology 2010

  • Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry (FAAO) 2009

  • Medical Research Council (MRC) Postdoctoral Research Fellowship 1989

  • ARVO NEI/Welcome Travel Fellowship 1988

  • NIMH-National Research Service Award 1988

Teaching Interests

    -Embryology and Development of the Eye

    -Myopia Development and Control

    -Systems Physiology

    -Histology

Research Interests

    My principal research interest is on the visual control of postnatal eye growth and the development of its refractive state. My laboratory developed and uses experimental models to study the characteristics and mechanisms of the visual regulation of eye growth and development of refractive errors such as myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness). My laboratory possesses extensive knowledge on the morphological and optical development of the vertebrate eye. As an application of this work we are interested in what causes myopia to progress in children, the sequelae of associated retinal pathologies associated with myopia, and the development of effective clinical treatments to slow myopia progression. I work closely with the college’s Graduate Center for Vision Research and the Clinical Vision Research Center on clinical research for myopia control. We are currently studying the retinal response to defocus signals on retinal gene expression in response to myopic or hyperopic defocus using RNA-seq.

Publications

Selected Recent Publications

  • IMI - Myopia Control Reports Overview and Introduction., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 60 (3):M1-M19, 2019
    Journal Article
  • IMI - Report on Experimental Models of Emmetropization and Myopia., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 60 (3):M31-M88, 2019
    Journal Article
  • Gene expression in response to optical defocus of opposite signs reveals bidirectional mechanism of visually guided eye growth, PLOS Biology, 16 (10):e2006021, 2018
    Journal Article
  • Accommodation and Phoria in Children Wearing Multifocal Contact Lenses., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 94 (3):353-360, 2017
    Journal Article
  • AAV-mediated transduction and targeting of retinal bipolar cells with improved mGluR6 promoters in rodents and primates., Gene therapy, 23 (8-9):680-9, 2016
    Journal Article
  • The case for lens treatments in the control of myopia progression, Optometry and Vision Science, 93 (9):1045-48, 2016
    Journal Article
  • Axial eye growth and refractive error development can be modified by exposing the peripheral retina to relative myopic or hyperopic defocus., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55 (10):6765-73, 2014
    Journal Article
  • In memoriam: Josh Wallman, PhD, 1943-2012: editorial introducing the special issue of Experimental Eye Research in tribute to Josh Wallman., Experimental eye research, 114 ():1-5, 2013
    Other
  • Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 54 (4):2634-44, 2013
    Journal Article
  • Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus, Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science, 54 (4):2634-2644, 2013
    Case
  • The effect of simultaneous negative and positive defocus on eye growth and development of refractive state in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 53 (10):6479-87, 2012
    Journal Article
  • Foveal cone density shows a rapid postnatal maturation in the marmoset monkey., Visual neuroscience, 28 (6):473-84, 2011
    Journal Article
  • Ocular wavefront aberrations in the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus: effects of age and refractive error., Vision research, 50 (23):2515-29, 2010
    Journal Article
  • Evaluation of AAV-mediated expression of Chop2-GFP in the marmoset retina., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 51 (10):5288-96, 2010
    Journal Article
  • Expression of synaptic and phototransduction markers during photoreceptor development in the marmoset monkey Callithrix jacchus., The Journal of comparative neurology, 512 (2):218-31, 2009
    Journal Article
  • Imposed anisometropia, accommodation, and regulation of refractive state., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 86 (1):E31-9, 2009
    Journal Article
  • Microarray analysis of choroid/RPE gene expression in marmoset eyes undergoing changes in ocular growth and refraction., Molecular vision, 14 ():1465-79, 2008
    Journal Article
  • Accommodation and induced myopia in marmosets., Vision research, 47 (9):1228-44, 2007
    Journal Article
  • Characteristics of accommodative behavior during sustained reading in emmetropes and myopes., Vision research, 46 (16):2581-92, 2006
    Journal Article
  • Development of the neural retina and its vasculature in the marmoset Callithrix jacchus., The Journal of comparative neurology, 497 (2):270-86, 2006
    Journal Article
  • Change in the synthesis rates of ocular retinoic acid and scleral glycosaminoglycan during experimentally altered eye growth in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 47 (5):1768-77, 2006
    Journal Article
  • The response to visual form deprivation differs with age in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 46 (6):1873-81, 2005
    Journal Article
  • Temporal integration characteristics of the axial and choroidal responses to myopic defocus induced by prior form deprivation versus positive spectacle lens wear in chickens., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 82 (4):318-27, 2005
    Journal Article
  • Susceptibility to form-deprivation myopia in chicks is not altered by an early experience of axial myopia., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 81 (2):119-26, 2004
    Journal Article
  • Double-pass measurement of retinal image quality in the chicken eye., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 80 (1):50-7, 2003
    Journal Article
  • Diurnal rhythms in intraocular pressure, axial length, and choroidal thickness in a primate model of eye growth, the common marmoset., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 43 (8):2519-28, 2002
    Journal Article
  • Endogenous rhythms in axial length and choroidal thickness in chicks: implications for ocular growth regulation., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 42 (3):584-8, 2001
    Journal Article
  • Decreased proteoglycan synthesis associated with form deprivation myopia in mature primate eyes., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41 (8):2050-8, 2000
    Journal Article
  • Form deprivation myopia in mature common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41 (8):2043-9, 2000
    Journal Article
  • Choroidal thickness changes during altered eye growth and refractive state in a primate., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 41 (6):1249-58, 2000
    Journal Article
  • Diurnal illumination patterns affect the development of the chick eye., Vision research, 40 (18):2387-93, 2000
    Journal Article
  • [Current role of thrombendarterectomy in chronic peripheral obstructive arteriopathy]., Minerva cardioangiologica, 45 (11):547-52, 1997
    Journal Article
  • Factors controlling the dendritic arborization of retinal ganglion cells., Visual neuroscience, 13 (4):721-33, 1996
    Journal Article
  • Functional architecture of area 17 in normal and monocularly deprived marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)., Visual neuroscience, 13 (1):145-60, 1996
    Journal Article
  • The mechanism of lenticular accommodation in chicks., Vision research, 35 (11):1525-40, 1995
    Journal Article
  • Constant light produces severe corneal flattening and hyperopia in chickens., Vision research, 35 (9):1203-9, 1995
    Journal Article
  • Differences in eye growth and the response to visual deprivation in different strains of chicken., Vision research, 35 (9):1211-6, 1995
    Journal Article
  • The mechanism of corneal accommodation in chicks., Vision research, 34 (12):1549-66, 1994
    Journal Article
  • Ocular development and visual deprivation myopia in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)., Vision research, 33 (10):1311-24, 1993
    Journal Article
  • Visual optics and retinal cone topography in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)., Vision research, 33 (10):1301-10, 1993
    Journal Article
  • Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and histochemical studies of normal and myopic chick eyes., Tissue & cell, 25 (1):73-85, 1993
    Journal Article
  • [Compression of the sigmoid of gynecological origin]., Minerva chirurgica, 47 (21-22):1737-40, 1992
    Journal Article
  • Neonatal eye growth and emmetropisation--a literature review., Eye (London, England), 6 ( Pt 2) ():154-60, 1992
    Journal Article
  • The regulation of eye growth and refractive state: an experimental study of emmetropization., Vision research, 31 (7-8):1237-50, 1991
    Journal Article
  • Developing eyes that lack accommodation grow to compensate for imposed defocus., Visual neuroscience, 4 (2):177-83, 1990
    Journal Article
  • Experimental studies of emmetropization in the chick., Ciba Foundation symposium, 155 ():89-102; discussion 102-14, 1990
    Journal Article
  • Visual deprivation causes myopia in chicks with optic nerve section., Current eye research, 6 (8):993-9, 1987
    Journal Article
  • Changes in corneal curvature during accommodation in chicks., Vision research, 27 (2):241-7, 1987
    Journal Article