David Troilo, PhD

Professor
Biological and Vision Sciences
Vice President and Dean for Academic Affairs
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Troilo+D

Bio

David Troilo joined the SUNY College of Optometry in July, 2008 as Professor, Dean and Vice President for Academic Affairs. Prior to that he was Professor of Biological Science and Director of Graduate Studies at The New England College of Optometry.

As the chief academic officer at SUNY Optometry, Dr. Troilo oversees the professional degree program in optometry, and the graduate degree programs (PhD and MS) in vision science. His other areas of responsibility include faculty development, residency programs, library services, and continuing professional education.

Dr. Troilo has made development of innovative educational programs, faculty development, and growth of research at the college institutional priorities. Working with key faculty leaders, he has facilitated the creation of an integrated clinically focused curriculum, student advising and assistance programs, accelerated learning and micro-credential programs, and the development of collaborative, translational, and clinical research initiatives. Working with the University Eye Center, the college’s clinical institution, Dr. Troilo helped create the college’s Clinical Vision Research Center in 2013.

Education

  • PhD, Biology, City University of New York, 1989

Residency/Other Post Graduate Training

  • Research Fellow - Cornell University - Cornell University, 1995
  • Research Associate - Oxford University - Oxford University, 1993

Awards/Honors

  • Fellow of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2010
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry (FAAO), 2009
  • Medical Research Council (MRC) Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, 1989
  • ARVO NEI/Welcome Travel Fellowship, 1988
  • NIMH-National Research Service Award, 1988

Professional Experience

  • Professor, State University of New York College of Optometry, 2008 - Present
  • Vice President and Dean for Academic Affairs, State University of New York College of Optometry, 2008 - Present
  • Professor, The New England College of Optometry, 2003 - 2008
  • Director of Graduate Studies, The New England College of Optometry, 2002 - 2008
  • Affiliated Scientist, Harvard Medical School, 1995 - 2005
  • Associate Professor, The New England College of Optometry, 1998 - 2003

Teaching Interests

-Embryology and Development of the Eye

-Myopia Development and Control

-Systems Physiology

-Histology

Research Interests

My principal research interest is the development of the eye and the visual control of postnatal eye growth and refractive state. My research developed and uses experimental models to study the characteristics and mechanisms of the visual regulation of eye growth and development of refractive errors such as myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness). As an application of this work I am interested in what causes myopia to develop and progress in children, and the development of effective clinical treatments to slow myopia progression. I work closely with the college’s Graduate Center for Vision Research and the Clinical Vision Research Center on clinical research for myopia control. We are currently studying the retinal response to defocus signals. We have begun studies of gene expression in response to myopic or hyperopic defocus using RNA-seq with single cell resolution.

Publications

  • Temporal properties of positive and negative defocus on emmetropization, Nature Scientific Reports In press
  • Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists) 41 (3): 632 632, 2021
  • COVID-19: ensuring safe clinical teaching at university optometry schools., Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists) 41 (1): 144-156 144-156, 2021
  • Changing accommodation behaviour during multifocal soft contact lens wear using auditory biofeedback training., Scientific reports 10 (1): 5018 5018, 2020
  • Short Interruptions of Imposed Hyperopic Defocus Earlier in Treatment are More Effective at Preventing Myopia Development, Nature Scientific Reports 9 (1): 11459 11459,
  • IMI - Myopia Control Reports Overview and Introduction., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 60 (3): M1-M19 M1-M19, 2019
  • IMI - Report on Experimental Models of Emmetropization and Myopia., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 60 (3): M31-M88 M31-M88, 2019
  • Gene expression in response to optical defocus of opposite signs reveals bidirectional mechanism of visually guided eye growth, PLOS Biology 16 (10): e2006021 e2006021, 2018
  • Accommodation and Phoria in Children Wearing Multifocal Contact Lenses., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry 94 (3): 353-360 353-360, 2017
  • AAV-mediated transduction and targeting of retinal bipolar cells with improved mGluR6 promoters in rodents and primates., Gene therapy 23 (8-9): 680-9 680-9, 2016
  • The case for lens treatments in the control of myopia progression, Optometry and Vision Science 93 (9): 1045-48 1045-48, 2016
  • Axial eye growth and refractive error development can be modified by exposing the peripheral retina to relative myopic or hyperopic defocus., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 55 (10): 6765-73 6765-73, 2014
  • In memoriam: Josh Wallman, PhD, 1943-2012: editorial introducing the special issue of Experimental Eye Research in tribute to Josh Wallman., Experimental eye research 114 1-5 1-5, 2013
  • Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 54 (4): 2634-44 2634-44, 2013
  • Eyes in various species can shorten to compensate for myopic defocus, Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Science 54 (4): 2634-2644 2634-2644, 2013
  • The effect of simultaneous negative and positive defocus on eye growth and development of refractive state in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 53 (10): 6479-87 6479-87, 2012
  • Foveal cone density shows a rapid postnatal maturation in the marmoset monkey., Visual neuroscience 28 (6): 473-84 473-84, 2011
  • Ocular wavefront aberrations in the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus: effects of age and refractive error., Vision research 50 (23): 2515-29 2515-29, 2010
  • Evaluation of AAV-mediated expression of Chop2-GFP in the marmoset retina., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 51 (10): 5288-96 5288-96, 2010
  • Expression of synaptic and phototransduction markers during photoreceptor development in the marmoset monkey Callithrix jacchus., The Journal of comparative neurology 512 (2): 218-31 218-31, 2009
  • Imposed anisometropia, accommodation, and regulation of refractive state., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry 86 (1): E31-9 E31-9, 2009
  • Microarray analysis of choroid/RPE gene expression in marmoset eyes undergoing changes in ocular growth and refraction., Molecular vision 14 1465-79 1465-79, 2008
  • Accommodation and induced myopia in marmosets., Vision research 47 (9): 1228-44 1228-44, 2007
  • Characteristics of accommodative behavior during sustained reading in emmetropes and myopes., Vision research 46 (16): 2581-92 2581-92, 2006
  • Development of the neural retina and its vasculature in the marmoset Callithrix jacchus., The Journal of comparative neurology 497 (2): 270-86 270-86, 2006
  • Change in the synthesis rates of ocular retinoic acid and scleral glycosaminoglycan during experimentally altered eye growth in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 47 (5): 1768-77 1768-77, 2006
  • The response to visual form deprivation differs with age in marmosets., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 46 (6): 1873-81 1873-81, 2005
  • Temporal integration characteristics of the axial and choroidal responses to myopic defocus induced by prior form deprivation versus positive spectacle lens wear in chickens., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry 82 (4): 318-27 318-27, 2005
  • Susceptibility to form-deprivation myopia in chicks is not altered by an early experience of axial myopia., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry 81 (2): 119-26 119-26, 2004
  • Double-pass measurement of retinal image quality in the chicken eye., Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry 80 (1): 50-7 50-7, 2003
  • Diurnal rhythms in intraocular pressure, axial length, and choroidal thickness in a primate model of eye growth, the common marmoset., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 43 (8): 2519-28 2519-28, 2002
  • Endogenous rhythms in axial length and choroidal thickness in chicks: implications for ocular growth regulation., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 42 (3): 584-8 584-8, 2001
  • Decreased proteoglycan synthesis associated with form deprivation myopia in mature primate eyes., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 41 (8): 2050-8 2050-8, 2000
  • Form deprivation myopia in mature common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 41 (8): 2043-9 2043-9, 2000
  • Choroidal thickness changes during altered eye growth and refractive state in a primate., Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 41 (6): 1249-58 1249-58, 2000
  • Diurnal illumination patterns affect the development of the chick eye., Vision research 40 (18): 2387-93 2387-93, 2000
  • [Current role of thrombendarterectomy in chronic peripheral obstructive arteriopathy]., Minerva cardioangiologica 45 (11): 547-52 547-52, 1997
  • Factors controlling the dendritic arborization of retinal ganglion cells., Visual neuroscience 13 (4): 721-33 721-33, 1996
  • Functional architecture of area 17 in normal and monocularly deprived marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)., Visual neuroscience 13 (1): 145-60 145-60, 1996
  • The mechanism of lenticular accommodation in chicks., Vision research 35 (11): 1525-40 1525-40, 1995
  • Constant light produces severe corneal flattening and hyperopia in chickens., Vision research 35 (9): 1203-9 1203-9, 1995
  • Differences in eye growth and the response to visual deprivation in different strains of chicken., Vision research 35 (9): 1211-6 1211-6, 1995
  • The mechanism of corneal accommodation in chicks., Vision research 34 (12): 1549-66 1549-66, 1994
  • Ocular development and visual deprivation myopia in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)., Vision research 33 (10): 1311-24 1311-24, 1993
  • Visual optics and retinal cone topography in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)., Vision research 33 (10): 1301-10 1301-10, 1993
  • Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and histochemical studies of normal and myopic chick eyes., Tissue & cell 25 (1): 73-85 73-85, 1993
  • [Compression of the sigmoid of gynecological origin]., Minerva chirurgica 47 (21-22): 1737-40 1737-40, 1992
  • Neonatal eye growth and emmetropisation--a literature review., Eye (London, England) 6 ( Pt 2) 154-60 154-60, 1992
  • The regulation of eye growth and refractive state: an experimental study of emmetropization., Vision research 31 (7-8): 1237-50 1237-50, 1991
  • Developing eyes that lack accommodation grow to compensate for imposed defocus., Visual neuroscience 4 (2): 177-83 177-83, 1990
  • Experimental studies of emmetropization in the chick., Ciba Foundation symposium 155 89-102; discussion 102-14 89-102; discussion 102-14, 1990
  • Visual deprivation causes myopia in chicks with optic nerve section., Current eye research 6 (8): 993-9 993-9, 1987
  • Changes in corneal curvature during accommodation in chicks., Vision research 27 (2): 241-7 241-7, 1987
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